Surgical tooth extraction
Surgical tooth extraction is a slightly more complicated procedure than an „ordinary extraction”.
Impacted teeth are fully developed teeth that became „impacted” in the bone of maxilla or mandible. The tooth may be either totally or partially impacted, depending on whether the tooth is completely or just partially surrounded by the bone. Impaction affects e.g. third molars (wisdom teeth), upper central incisors and canines, and lower premolars.
The location of impacted wisdom teeth in the mandible may differ. We extract wisdom teeth positioned variously in a painless and effective way in our dental clinic.
Impacted teeth hinder the functioning of the oral cavity and may cause malocclusion and malalignment of other teeth.
Various causes for tooth impaction have been described – congenital or acquired, general or local. General etiological factors include vitamin deficiency (in particular, vitamin A and D – including rickets), various endocrine disorders, but – more importantly – problems with wisdom teeth can be inherited.
Local etiological factors include: premature loss of deciduous teeth, retained deciduous teeth, bone hypoplasia, inflammatory lesions, cysts, odontogenic and non-odontogenic neoplasms. Also, trauma to the maxilla and mandible may constitute the underlying cause.