Third molars, also called as wisdom teeth, erupt usually between the age of 17 a 25. Sometimes, the eruption process is pathological, and the tooth erupts in an unfavourable location or remains unerupted.
If there is no place for the tooth to erupt, the teeth are covered by gums, bone, other teeth. Also, wisdom teeth are more frequently affected by infections and caries, and if unerupted, they often lead to cyst formation. Gingivitis develops due to retention of food, bacteria under the gum around the crown of the tooth. This leads to inflammation accompanied by halitosis, pain, swelling, and trismus. Infection may spread and cause swelling within the cheeks and the neck.
In such situations, the dentists at the Dental Clinic perform the procedure of extracting impacted wisdom tooth. Surgical extraction of third molars – wisdom teeth, is performed in cases in which the teeth are:
- Impacted and anteriorly positioned.
- Impacted and horizontally positioned.
- Impacted and vertically positioned.
- Impacted and distally positioned.
- Impacted and buccally or lingually positioned.
The decision concerning whether to extract the wisdom tooth or not to a large extent depends on the Patient’s age and the problems caused by these teeth.