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Hernia in the groin region may take several forms:
- inguinal hernia (more common in male patients):
– direct — does not protrude through the inguinal canal, but directly from the abdominal cavity as a result of the weakening of the hypogastric wall muscles, in the Hesselbach triangle. The hernia exits in the scrotum region,
– indirect – the hernia protrudes through the inguinal canal and exits under the skin in the scrotum region, in the superficial inguinal ring,
- scrotal hernia — a type of indirect inguinal hernia where the hernial sac protrudes into the scrotum. Such hernias may be very large,
- femoral hernia — a special form of direct hernia where the hernial sac protrudes through the femoral ring, below the groin ligament, onto the thigh. This form happens more often in women. This type of hernia happens when the back wall of the groin canal is weak and the hernia sac with intraabdominal organs inside (usually intestines) protrudes into the canal. Hernia can be congenital or acquired. If left untreated, groin hernia may become strangulated and become a life-threatening condition.